The Church at that time is seen to have taught that the real theologian is the one who proclaims and believes that the Logos that became flesh is the real God. The Fathers of the Church tried to make a clear distinction between economy or the deeds of the Incarnate and theology or the eternal relationship of the persons constituting the Holy Trinity. The supporters of Arius laid great stress on the verse ‘My Father is greater than I’ (St. John 14:28). They argued that the Father and the Son were not equals. There argument that since the Son is lesser than the Father, he is not God. was simplistic. The Fathers of the Church, however, pointed out that it was as the Son in flesh and blood that Jesus Christ had made this pronouncement and that the Father was greater as long as the Son was living among men as a full man. They further taught that the Incarnation was a reflection of God’s compassion, acts of redemption and self-emptying.
The Incarnation reveals the chosen way of God to discipline the creation. The created comes to know the Creator through Christ; worship Him and experiences Him. A Christian life based on this belief enables us to have divine revelations about the mystery of the Holy Trinity.
St. Paul explains: ‘For he has made known to us in all wisdom and insight the mystery of his will, according to his purpose which set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and thing on earth. In him, according to the purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the Counsel of his will, we who first hoped in Christ have been destined and appointed to live for the praise of his glory (Ephesians 1:9-12). In short, through the incarnation of our Lord, the mystery of the will of God was revealed. It is on this basis that theology is defined as a branch of learning that describes the mysteries of God as revealed through history and illuminated by faith. Some define theology as ‘faith seeking understanding’.
God reveals His mysteries which are distinct from worldly knowledge. ‘But we impart a secret and hidden wisdom of God which God decreed before the ages for our glorification… God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. For what person knows a man’s thoughts except the spirit of the man which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the spirit of God (1 Cor. 2:7-12). The Spirit of God reveals the hidden mysteries inherent in the Holy Trinity to those who love Him. This is the basis of Christian theology.
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